Bioenergy is energy derived from biomass which includes biological material such as plants and animals, wood, waste, (hydrogen) gas, and alcohol fuels. In essence bioenergy is the utilisation of solar energy that has been bound up in biomass during the process of photosynthesis. It is a renewable energy source.
The Irish & UK energy industries are facing great challenges. The sectors are expected to provide reliable, secure, affordable, low carbon energy to customers. Depending on the choice of technology and the fuel source it displaces, biomass can provide a significant part of the solution to some of these challenges.
Just 2% of the 60 million TOE (tonnes of oil equivalent) UK heat market is currently provided by biomass. The continuing focus on sustainability, energy security and costs, and the supportive policy environment towards biomass, assures that the fundamentals for growth of the biomass sector are already in place. Currently 75 per cent of the UK’s electricity comes from coal and gas, but the UK Government claim that by 2020, electricity generated from renewable energy could multiply five times from six per cent to just over thirty per cent.